There is another Article catologued in this site titled “From Republic to Democracy.”  The content of that piece is much more thorough than this.  This article is castigation of those who keep calling this country and our politicle philosophy a democracy instead of a Constitutional Republic.  Most of the people who engage in this behavior are political representaves, lawyers and college educated career politicians who should know better but they don’t.  The two articles are in reality quite different but some of the concepts of one naturally bleed into the other as a matter necessity.  The reading of one will not provide you with the message of the other, but there is, however,  some redundancy between the two.


We observe many people in this Constitutional Republic referring to this Countries structure and political philosophy as that of a “Democracy.”  Now there are only 2 reasons for anyone doing this: ignorance and a conscience desire to destroy Civil Liberties.  While anyone can observe the existence of the term Republic in our Constitution for the United States and our Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States, but no one will be able to find the term “Democracy” anywhere in any of our founding documents or find any positive opinion about Democracies in the founder’s discussions.

 I’ve been told that the genesis of the word “democracy” as the label for the designation of the political  structure for this country came about during the Woodrow Wilson campaign for president, because he was a Democrat and saw fit to denigrate the country he was about to become President of.  Woodrow Wilson is the President who ushered in the private banking system titled the Federal Reserve, which began to eat out the substance of the Citizens of our Constitutional Republic in 1913 and did so for the next 100 years all in counter distinction to the Declaration of Independence..

 Words are used to convey conceptual concepts and when one uses the wrong word to express the concept of our Country political structure such as “democracy,” “communist,” or whatever, they are not telling the truth or they lack the necessary intellect to use the correct word.  Our Founders created a Constitutional Republic which they professed was created to protect the Sovereignty of our States (Colonies) and the Sovereignty of the individual Citizens from encroachments on their Liberties.  

 The following is a series of quotes from our founders on what they thought of “democracies.”  

 “Democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have, in general, been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths.” - James Madison

“Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide.” - John Adams

A democracy is a volcano which conceals the fiery materials of its own destruction. These will produce an eruption and carry desolation in their way. The known propensity of a democracy is to licentiousness which the ambitious call, and ignorant believe to be liberty.” Further, he stated that, “Liberty has never lasted long in a democracy, nor has it ever ended in anything better than despotism.” In fact he believed that it was “democracy that pollutes the morals of the people before it swallows up their freedoms.”  - Fisher Ames

“We have seen the tumult of democracy terminate . . . as [it has] everywhere terminated, in despotism. . . . Democracy! savage and wild. Thou who wouldst bring down the virtuous and wise to thy level of folly and guilt.”  - Gouverneur Morris

“[T]he experience of all former ages had shown that of all human governments, democracy was the most unstable, fluctuating and short-lived.”  - John Quincy Adams

“A simple democracy . . . is one of the greatest of evils.”  - Benjamin Rush

“In democracy . . . there are commonly tumults and disorders. . . . Therefore a pure democracy is generally a very bad government. It is often the most tyrannical government on earth.”  - Noah Webster

“Pure democracy cannot subsist long nor be carried far into the departments of state, it is very subject to caprice and the madness of popular rage.” - John Witherspoon

 “Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch.  Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote.”  – Benjamin Franklin

 To understand why they had such a negative opinion of democracies, we need to look into some of the facts behind the makeup of democracies.

 So technically, what is a Democracy?  Webster says it is “1. Government in which people hold the ruling power either directly or through elected representatives; rule by the ruled. … 3. Majority rule  4. Principle of equal rights, opportunity, and treatment…”  At first blush, this sounds a lot like what the Supreme Court articulated above us pertaining to our Republic, but further analysis will demonstrate the gross differences.

 First, in a Democracy the “people hold the ruling power,” “rule by the ruled.” In our Republic, the people are the “sover­eigns without subjects and have none to govern [(rule)] but them­selves,” so as sovereigns we have only the power to rule ourselves but not our neighbor.

 Second, in a Democracy the “majority rule” which is to say the majority through its representatives determines what the law is, what prohibitive acts and what specific performance the maj­ority wishes to impose on the masses, i.e. you and your neighbor. In our Republic no such concept exists. Remember, “in our system, while sovereign powers are delegated to agencies of government, sovereignty itself remains with the people, by whom and for whom all government exists and acts. For, the very idea that one man may be compelled to hold his life, or the means of living, or any material right essential to the enjoyment of life, at the mere will of another, [including ones neighbor or the masses] seems intolerable in any country where freedom prevails.” (re­stated from Yick Wo above) Consequently, the fact that “no man [can] be compelled to hold his life or the means of living, or any material right to the enjoyment of life, at the mere will of another” means that even the majority cannot dictate their wishes on any individual to compel him to behave contrary to his wishes, save he violate the rights of another.

 Third, a Democracy operates under the “principle of equal rights, opportunity, and treatment.” So, if all individuals have the right to work but not the right to own gold or guns or allodial property, and if all individuals have the opportunity to start a “sanctioned” business but no opportunity to establish a “non-­sanctioned” business, and if all individuals are treated as subject citizens, serfs on the land required to obey all instructions and procedures from all agencies of government instead of going about their daily business as they see fit, then the principles of Democracy are fully intact. That is, all have equal rights, but not all unalienable rights, all have equal opportunity but not all opportunity, and all receive equal treatment as subject class citizens, serfs, but are not recognized as sovereigns. In our Constitutional Republic, all rights are endowed by (come from) our Creator, are unalienable, and are not enumerated. See the Declaration of Independence and the 9th and 10th Amendments to the Constitution. One individual’s rights stop at the deprivation of another indiv­idual’s rights. Rights are therefore equal and unlimited.

 In our Constitutional Republic, opportunities are unlimited. However, are all individuals subject to the same opportunities?  In an abstract sense, yes, but in a real sense, no. In the abstract sense every individual draws on his own personal human capabilities to provide himself with his own opportunities and on that basis every individual has an opportunity to capitalize on his own per­sonal capabilities. However, in the real sense, not everyone’s human capabilities are equal and therefore every individual will create opportunities for himself which will ultimately not have the same or equal result as all others. Herein lies the strength of our Republic. While Henry Ford established a much larger opportunity for himself with his creative contributions to the automobile and its manufacturing than did the family farmer or laborer toiling in the hot sun baked fields, the family farmer and the laborer benefited from Mr. Ford’s opportunity far more than if Mr. Ford had chosen to work beside them in their sun baked fields.  Henry Ford’s cars and trucks improved the farmer’s own opportunity to participate in the market. Such an improvement in the farmer’s opportunity also filtered down to his workers.  By capitalizing on his own human capabilities to maximize his own opportunity, Mr. Ford’s cars and trucks raised the standard of living of all inhabitants in our Republic. It should not go unnoticed here that maximized opportunity, like the automobile example, begets additional opportunity throughout the Republic.

 As for treatment, in our Republic the agencies of government have no access to individuals except those who have contracted with said agency or who have been the subject of a complaint from another individual initiating a cause of action in the courts for some controversy or common law crime, trespass, fraud, murder, etc. However, whenever a cause of action is properly established, equal and just treatment is required and demanded by the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Amendments to the Constitution.

Consequently, if, in summary, one could say that in our Constitutional Republic, every indiv­idual has a right to act in any manner he sees fit according to his own moral values so long as he doesn’t interfere or other­wise influence another individual’s life without his consent, we can say we are enjoying Liberty as our founders intended. [1] In a Democracy, every individual is compelled to act in whatever manner the government dictates as sanctioned (commanded) by the majority. In short, a Democracy is based on the principle of an Ochlocracy (mob rule) while our own Constitutional Republic is based on the unique concept of individual Liberty and sovereignty.  Technically, in our Republic, the majority has no influence whatsoever on the minority, except in electing officials.  One will not find another example of this anywhere in the world.   So why do we want to dilute our system of governance by hob knobbing with the concept of mob rule (oligarchy) by referring to it as a democracy?

So what took us from ungoverned sovereign individuals to governed subjects, serfs on the land governed by the will of the majority?[2]  It didn’t happen overnight. It happened over a span of forty (40) plus years and fifty (50) years later, the majority of the people are still completely unaware of its occurrence, mainly because they have not a clue of what our Constitutional Republic really encompasses.

 Franklin D. Roosevelt once said that nothing in politics happens by accident, so let’s touch on some of the key “non­-accidents” that enslaved us on the road from our Republic to a Democracy. While other federal legislation expanding the power of the federal government occurred prior to 1913, such legislation is paled by what took place in 1913. The first, and probably the most damaging blow to our Republic in the long term, was the passing of the Federal Reserve Act creating the privately owned Federal Reserve central banking system. One of the members of the Rothchilds international banking family candidly stated around the turn of the 19th century that “if I can control a country’s banking system, I care not who makes its laws.” This may have been the real reason for the creation of the central banking system, the privately owned Federal Reserve System, but it was sold to the people as a “monetary stabilization” mechanism. However, aside from the fact that “monetary stabilization of fiat money” is an oxymoron, the newly created Federal Reserve System was anything but a “monetary stabilization” mechanism. In sixteen (16) short years later, 1929, it brought the United States free market to its knees by first dolling out cheap un-backed paper debt, (we were on a gold standard at the time) and then abruptly recalling the debt, the interest of which had to be paid in gold to this newly created central bank, causing a collapse of the market wiping out most of our family fortunes and savings.

 The second 1913 debacle was the ratification of the 16th Amendment, the “Income Tax” Amendment.  However, in 1916 the Supreme Court ruled that the 16th Amendment created no new form of taxation. It said that the federal income tax was merely an indirect excise (or privilege) tax where taxable income (net profit) was the measure of the benefit from the exercise of the privilege and therefore the measure of the tax.[3] Notice the concept of a privilege tax[4]. Rights are still not taxable, but scarcely anyone today understands this distinction.

 Third, and probably the cornerstone of advancing the concepts of a Democracy, was the passing of the 17th Amendment changing how Senators were seated in Congress. The original Constitution specified that Senators as representatives of the interests of the individual states would consequently be appointed by the state legislatures. The 17th Amendment, while it didn’t substantively change anything else, it provided that the Senators would be elected by the popular vote of the people. The Senate was designed by the architects of the Constitution to give the sovereign states equal representation in the federal legislature alongside the sovereign people. Each, the states and the people, were sovereigns with respect to the federal legislature in the eyes of the Framers of the Constitution. While nothing in the 17th Amendment supposedly changed the responsibility of the Senators to represent the state legislatures, they, now being voted into office by the majority of the people, have loyalty to none but the majority of the people. Therefore, the states now have no voice in the federal government making the 17th Amendment the key spring board or the first shoe to drop in the effort to the establishment of a Democracy. It is a simple fact that a sovereign with no voice is not recognized and is therefore, by definition, not a sovereign[5].

 The next “non-accidental blow to our Republic was the 1929-30 Great Depression triggered by the private Federal Reserve banking system, as earlier mentioned.  As an aside, this writer authored a paper titled the ”Power Trinity,” which exposes the three (3) components required to take absolute control over the people, which are dependence, obedience, and monitoring. The Great Depression established the first component of the Power Trinity, dependence, by making a huge segment of the total population dependent on the federal government when it created massive work programs funded by newly printed fiat money funneled through the Federal Reserve private banking system (legislated counterfeiting). Work camps and federally funded projects sprang up all over the country replacing what was once a prospering productive free market. This monopolistic use of fiat money coupled with wage and price supports prevented the free market from establishing its own natural equalization and reconstruction remedies. Consequently, a large percentage of the population now owed its very existence to the whims of the federal government. The dependence leg of the “Power Trinity” was now firmly in place.

 While the obedience leg of the Power Trinity wasn’t established overnight. The first “notch in the handle” occurred in 1933 when Congress declared that it was “against public policy for the people of the United States (U.S. Citizens) to own gold,” and the people obediently turned in their gold in exchange for paper. It is a little known fact among the citizens of this country that the Constitution gives the federal government, Congress, “exclusive legislative jurisdiction” only over Washington, D.C. and other federally owned lands where such jurisdiction has been transferred to it from the Union State in which the land was originally situated (See Constitution, Article I, Section 8, Clause 17 and Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2).  However, Congress has no delegated power to govern the people of or in any one of the various Union States that are party to the Constitution. When the people of the states obediently turned in their gold in exchange for private paper notes they sent a huge message of ignorant obedience to Washington, D.C. While we all know that ignorance of the law is no excuse; one must be ever mindful of the fact that it is actually preferred in matters of obedient performance. But even worse, where did the people go to turn in their gold for paper? Why they went to the private central Federal Reserve Bank, of course. NOW, who owns the gold?[6]

Two years later: Congress passed the Federal Insurance Contribution Act, a.k.a. the Social Security Act. This “non­-accidental” legislation was arguably the most nefarious and fraudulent assault on the sovereignty of the people and therefore the foundation of our Constitutional Republic. The people thought they were (or are) participating in a “federal old age insurance plan” but a simple reading of the statutes reveals the fact that it is nothing less than a deviously levied income tax measured by the wages of federal employees.  (See Section 3101 of the Internal Revenue one contributes to Social Security, he not only pays an income tax measured by his wages, he makes a declaration that his wages­ are taxable income and therefore establishes prima facie that he is a federal taxpayer subject to all the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code including the other income taxes. Getting the people to participate in this camouflaged taxing scheme was another “notch in the handle” of the obedience leg of the Power Trinity.  Keep in mind that the Constitution forbids the federal government from taxing the people directly.  But since the Supreme Court ruled that the income tax was a benefit tax and Social Security is a “benefit,” the payment of the Social Security deduc­tion was presumed to be a voluntary participation in a federal benefit program for which a benefit tax (income tax) could be levied in exchange for the benefit. It only took us fifty (50) years to figure this out and most people, including many tax researchers, to this day fail to recognize this devious tax scheme.

 In 1939 Congress passed the “non-accidental” legislation called the “Public Salary Tax Act” taxing its employees for the privilege of working for the federal government, but few people cared.[7] One, not that many people worked for the federal government in 1939 but two, those that did didn’t mind the one or two percent tax on their salaries; after all they had many benefits working for the federal government worth more than this new tax, like full retirement, paid vacations, etc. The full impact of this “non-accidental” legislation would not be felt for another 15-20 years. Then the tax rate would be much higher, nearly 20 percent, and the number of federal government employees would be a significant percentage of the total population. Now what do we have?  We now have a huge jealous federal bureaucracy assisting in the collection of an income tax mistakenly publicized to be imposed on the general population with the attitude that “if I have to pay, you have to pay,”

 To help soften the general population to the acceptance of a general income tax, Congress in 1943 passed the “non-accidental” Victory Tax Act capitalizing on the people’s patriotism to help finance the Second World War.”  It was to be a temporary “voluntary tax” which was to be refunded at the cessation of hostilities.  But what it really accomplished was to get the general population accustomed to filing 1040 forms for those obedient enough to volunteer. However, one had to apply for the refund to realize the “promise” of the Act.  At the cessation of hostilities everyone was so preoccupied with trying to put their lives and their families back together that no one remembered (and the federal government didn’t remind them) to apply for their Victory Tax Act refund. Instead: the federal government simply proceeded as if the Victory Tax Act was still in force and the general population obediently continued to file form 1040′s as if the income tax was here to stay. Aided by the “hype” of the Cold War, the Korean “police action”, and the propaganda mechanisms of the press and the big business establishment (i. e. international corporations and international banking establishments) the final “notch in the handle” of  obedience was now established.

 This final concession of obedience where the individual citizens were obediently filing annual 1040 forms also carries with it the final leg of the Power Trinity – monitoring.  Coupled with the mountain of morality legislation’ (i.e. gun laws, drug laws, etc.) and the enforcement thereof together with another mountain of specific performance legislation (i.e. the required use of a Social Security number for a drivers license, etc., the inferred requirement to file tax returns, etc.) to monitor the general population individually, the people have lost all semblance of sovereignty. They have become dependent, obedient and monitored serfs on the land under full control of a self appointed aristocracy. Sovereigns to serfs in forty (40) short years! Sovereigns in a Republic to serfs (subjects) in a Democracy.

 While the people have equal rights as provided by statute, they do not have unalienable rights as provide by Nature and Nature’s God: while they have equal opportunity as provided by statute, they do not have unlimited opportunity limited only by their own personal capabilities and desires as declared by the Declaration of Independence; and while they get equal treatment as provided by statute, they are not treated as sovereigns who are, by definition, permitted to go about their daily business as they see fit.  As subjects under a Democracy the people are obligated to specific performance as defined by statute, as sovereigns under a Republic there is no concept of specific performance by statute, only such performance as mutually agreed to by contract with fellow sovereigns.

The road from a Republic to a Democracy can be symbolized by the allegory of a Frog. If you put a frog in a pan of very hot water he will jump out. However, if you put a frog in a pan of cool water and gradually apply heat to it, he will not only not jump out, he will sit there in the pan as the water is gradually heated to boiling, thereby tolerating being thoroughly “cooked to perfection.”

 If the sovereign citizens of our Republic had been “forced marched” down the road to Democracy in one quick journey, there would have been one mass revolt. However, as it was, the journey was a slow stroll spanning multiple generations and the people never became aware of the gradual erosion of their sovereign status. They became dependant, obedient, and monitored subject class citizens thoroughly “controlled to perfection.”

 And finally, reread above on page 3 what our founders had to say about “democracies:”

 So much for the idea or presumption that our foundering fathers intended our own political system to be that of a Democracy.  A Democracy is nothing more than a popularity or fashion contest and nobody wants to be unpopular or unfashionable.  So it’s merely a political system modeled after the Pied Piper.


[1] This brings about two doctrines which cover the total gambit of all human behavior.  The Doctrine of Non-Existing Rights states that “no one has the right to interfere with or influence the life of another without his consent.” The corollary, The Doctrine of Rights states that “everyone has a right to do or act or conduct his affairs in any manner he chose so long as he does not interfere with the life of another without the other’s consent.”  Together, these stated doctrines represent the “Doctrines of liberty.”

[2] It is interesting to note that one of our modern religions has its roots in mob rule ,ala Pontius Pilate.  Remember?   Our founders did.

[3]  This is also verified in the 1943 Congressional record.

4 Corporations, for example, are artificial entities which exist by privilege.


[5] The cause and cure of this concept is examined in much greater detail in a manuscript titled “The Reformation of Union State Sovereignty.”

[6]  Interestingly, Hitler called in the gold in Germany at about the same time and the Jewish population refused to comply – what followed has been well documented but misrepresented, as a religious issue.


[7]  Some research points to the fact that the actual legislation didn’t actually tax federal employees; it just “permitted or allowed them to be taxed.”  However, such a postulation could only come from the linguistically illiterate.

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