The Coup de Grace of the 16th Amendment

Most people think that the 16th Amendment is the reason they are paying income tax, but find out below why this is a BOLD FACED LIE.  The Supreme Court has been trying to hint for years that we are effectively providing a gift to the federal Government (the United States) in the amount of a percentage of our revenue.

“The provisions of the Sixteenth Amendment conferred no new power of taxation but simply prohibited the complete and plenary power of income taxation possessed by Congress from the beginning from being taken out of the category of indirection taxation[1] to which it inherently belonged …” Stanton v. Baltic Mining Co., 240 U.S. 103 (1916)

But the coup de grace of the 16th Amendment can be found within the language of the Amendment itself.

Black’s Law Dictionary, 4th Edition, defines apportionment as:

“The apportionment of a tax consists in a selection of the subjects to be taxed, and in laying down the rule by which to measure the contribution which each of the subjects shall make to the tax.”  Barfield v. Gleason, 111 Ky. 491, 63 S.W. 964.  (Black’s Law Dictionary, Revised 4th Edition, p. 129)

 The United States 16th Amendment states that:

 ” The Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”

 Consequently, a proper re-phrase of the 16th Amendment would accurately be:

 ”The Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without selecting any subjects to be taxed among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”

 WOW!  It doesn’t get any plainer than that.  So not only is the Union States, by and through the elected officials, violating and extending the scope and application of federal law beyond that which is defined in the federal statutes themselves, they are violating the Constitution by extending the taxing power beyond that which was granted to the federal government by the 16th Amendment to the federal Constitution.

 



[1] Nor did it take income taxation power beyond the reach of Congress’s Exclusive Power to Legislate within federal territory and impose it in any territory among the several States as we will soon learn.

 

 

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